Skin diseases accompanying COVID-19 infection – literature review
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new disease entity caused by SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. It was first diagnosed in Wuhan, China. Its high rate of infectivity, low virulence, and asymptomatic transmission have caused it to spread rapidly beyond geographic boundaries, leading to a pandemic. The COVID-19 outbreak was identified as a public health emergency of international concern following a declared global pandemic. SARS-CoV-2 is an enveloped virus composed of single-stranded RNA and belongs to the coronavirus family. The virus enters cells through the angiotensin-converting enzyme receptor 2 (ACE2) on the surface of the cells. The lungs are the main site of COVID-19 infection, with symptoms ranging from mild flu-like, to fulminant pneumonia in patients. Patients have also been diagnosed with multiple cutaneous manifestations during the course of COVID-19. The aim of the article was to present, based on the available literature, selected skin disorders in patients with COVID-19. The basis of these changes is not fully understood and requires further research.
Keywords: coronavirus, skin diseases, COVID-19