Melanoma is a malignant tumor of the skin and mucous membranes, that is formed from pigment cells. The main risk factors for its occurrence are: natural and artificial ultraviolet radiation, light skin phototype, genetic factors and occurrence in the family. The basic diagnostic method is dermatoscopy, and the diagnosis can be made based on histopathological examination of the lesion. The basic method of melanoma treatment is surgical excision of the primary tumor. The aim of the study was to assess the state of knowledge about melanoma and its prevention among students of non-medical universities in Krakow, aged 19 to 30, using an anonymous questionnaire. A small percentage of the respondents know the correct definition of melanoma, but majority correctly responds to the question about the location and risk factors of melanoma. Students are aware of the fact that sunscreen should be used while sunbathing and that the skin of children should be protected more intensively against sunburn. Early detection often allows for a complete cure, so it is important that the knowledge about the causes of this cancer and its prevention is constantly deepened.
Influence of psychological factors on the development and course of selected skin diseases of selected skin diseases and the importance of dermatological disorders in mental well-being
Psychological factors, including stressors, have a significant impact on the manifestation of skin diseases such as psoriasis, atopic dermatitis and acne. On the other hand, dermatological disorders can cause psychological and psychiatric problems. The aim of the study was to present the current state of knowledge, based on the available literature, on the impact of psychological factors on the formation and course of skin diseases and the determinants of quality of life and mental disorders resulting from the presence of dermatological diseases. The overwhelming majority of studies confirm the negative impact of stress on the appearance and exacerbation of skin lesions in the course of many dermatological diseases and, consequently, deterioration of the quality of life. These factors also disturb the proper emotional state. A correct and multifaceted approach to a dermatological patient based on cooperation between a doctor, cosmetologist and psychologist increases the effectiveness of the therapy.
Nowadays, physical attractiveness often determines the achievement of social and professional success. Most women assume that the slimming measures introduced will bring the expected effect. They also have expectations regarding changes in their perception of themselves, getting rid of complexes and regaining confidence. The aim of the research was to examine the motivation of women on slimming diets and to find an answer to the question of whether the respondents had a change in their perception of themselves after the end of the slimming diet and whether these changes had an impact on their lives. Motivation and the ability to set goals can become a key element of the diet and the effectiveness of slimming therapy.
Lines as proteins with intermediate filaments are part of the inner nuclear membrane and the internal structures of the cell nucleus. Disorders of their functions due to mutations concentrated in different regions of the protein molecule have serious consequences for the body and lead to premature death. Among the laminopathies are diseases affecting the muscle tissue, adipose tissue, and appear signs of premature aging and various skin lesions. The same molecular mechanisms that are responsible for premature aging of cells in patients with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria also appear to contribute to chronological aging of cells. Aging is a complex process that affects the entire body, including the skin. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of progeria, broadly understood, may result in obtaining a peptide whose action will help reduce the causes of intrinsic skin aging. The main aim of the study was to discuss skin lesions in premature aging syndromes and to draw attention to the importance of progerin and ProgelineTM tripeptide in skin aging.
Malocclusions of varying severity affect approximately 60% of the world’s population and they include abnormalities in the position of the maxilla in relation to the mandible. If left untreated, they can have very serious consequences for the entire body. The only effective form of treatment turns out to be orthognathic surgery, which determines the correct crossbite anterior. In addition to improving the quality of chewing, breathing and swallowing, the patient also gains perfect face harmony as a result of changes in the soft tissues of the nose, lips, cheeks, chin and jawline. Unfortunately, in the first few days after surgery, symptoms such as swelling, bruising or sensory disturbances appear in the jaw area. This paper aims to present ways to reduce swelling after orthognathic surgery, and to use kinesiotaping as one of the main methods.